Clinical reasoning workshops
Work is in progress to develop an explicit clinical reasoning 'theme' in the pre-clinical curriculum. The clinical reasoning workshops/lectures provide the vocabulary of clinical reasoning and an overview of the different elements that make it up.
The elements of clinical reasoning:
HFs = human factors
EBM = evidence-based medicine
Clinical reasoning is explicitly taught in the following:
and is also implicit in problem-based learning (PBL) sessions.
You can find a clinical reasoning 'syllabus' in Chapter 9 of the ABC of Clinical Reasoning, here.
Workshop 1: Introduction to diagnostic tests
There is no such thing as a perfect test. This workshop explores some key concepts, e.g. the probability of a disease depends on the clinical (pre-test) probability, and the sensitivity and specificity of the test (Bayes' Theorem).
Diagnostic tests (lecture notes)
Workshop 2: How doctors think
Human thinking and decision making is flawed. This workshop explores Type 1 and Type 2 thinking (dual process theory), cognitive biases and how our emotions and surroundings can affect our decision making. 'To err is human'.
How doctors think (lecture notes)
Cognitive biases handout
Lecture: Human factors
This lecture recaps previous material and introduces 'human factors', 'affective biases' and some de-biasing strategies that can be useful in diagnostic decision making.
Human factors and de-biasing strategies (lecture notes)
Human factors (Chapter 6 from the ABC of Clinical Reasoning)
3rd year +
Resources to use in clinical placements